C      A      L      I      F      O      R      N      I      A
Capital City:
Sacramento
State FLower:
California Poppy
State Bird:
California Quail
State #31 Admitted to Union:
September 9, 1850

Downey, California Population 111,772
People Facts California USA
Population, 2010 37,253,956 308,745,538
Population, 2000 33,871,648 281,421,906
Persons under 18 years, percent, 2011 24.6% 23.7%
Persons 65 years and over, percent, 2011 11.7% 13.3%
Female persons, percent, 2011 50.3% 50.8%
White persons, percent, 2011 74.0% 78.1%
Black persons, percent, 2011 6.6% 13.1%
White persons not Hispanic, percent, 2011 39.7% 63.4%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2006-2010 80.7% 85.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2006-2010 30.1% 27.9%
Housing units, 2011 13,720,462 132,312,404
Homeownership rate, 2006-2010 57.4% 66.6%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2006-2010 $458,500 $188,400
Households, 2006-2010 12,392,852 114,235,996
Per capita money income in past 12 months (2010 dollars) 2006-2010 $29,188 $27,334
Median household income 2006-2010 $60,883 $51,914
Persons below poverty level, percent, 2006-2010 13.7% 13.8%
Business Facts
Private nonfarm establishments, 2010 849,875 7,396,628
Private nonfarm employment, 2010 12,536,402 111,970,095
Nonemployer establishments, 2010 2,814,409 22,110,628
Total number of firms, 2007 3,425,510 27,092,908
Women-owned firms, percent, 2007 30.3% 28.8%
Manufacturers shipments, 2007 ($1000) 491,372,092 5,338,306,501
Merchant wholesaler sales, 2007 ($1000) 598,456,486 4,174,286,516
Retail sales, 2007 ($1000) 455,032,270 3,917,663,456
Retail sales per capita, 2007 $12,561 $12,990
Geography Facts
Land area in square miles, 2010 155,779.22 3,531,905.43
Persons per square mile, 2010 239.1 87.4




State of California city guides