State of Iowa Demographics
Capital City:
Des Moines
State FLower:
Wild Prairie Rose
State Bird:
Eastern Goldfinch
State #29 Admitted to Union:
December 28, 1846
    People Facts Iowa USA
Population, 2010 3,046,355 308,745,538
Population, 2000 2,926,324 281,421,906
Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2005 6.1% 6.8%
Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2005 22.6% 24.8%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2005 14.7% 12.4%
Female persons, percent, 2005 50.8% 50.7%
 
White persons, percent, 2005 94.9% 80.2%
Black persons, percent, 2005 2.3% 12.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2005 0.3% 1.0%
Asian persons, percent, 2005 1.4% 4.3%
Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2005 0.9% 1.5%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2005 3.7% 14.4%
White persons not Hispanic, percent, 2005 91.5% 66.9%
 
Living in same house in 1995 and 2000, pct 5 yrs old & over 56.9% 54.1%
Foreign born persons, percent, 2000 3.1% 11.1%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2000 5.8% 17.9%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2000 86.1% 80.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2000 21.2% 24.4%
Persons with a disability, age 5+, 2000 446,665 49,746,248
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2000 18.5 25.5
 
Housing units, 2005 1,306,943 124,521,886
Homeownership rate, 2000 72.3% 66.2%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2000 18.4% 26.4%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2000 $82,500 $119,600
 
Households, 2000 1,149,276 105,480,101
Persons per household, 2000 2.46 2.59
Median household income, 2004 $42,865 $44,334
Per capita money income, 1999 $19,674 $21,587
Persons below poverty, percent, 2004 10.5% 12.7%
    Business Facts
Private nonfarm establishments, 2005 82,0871 7,499,702
Private nonfarm employment, 2005 1,261,1081 116,317,003
Private nonfarm employment, percent change 2000-2005 -0.3%1 2.0%
Nonemployer establishments, 2004 188,954 19,523,741
 
Total number of firms, 2002 236,515 22,974,655
Black-owned firms, percent, 2002 0.7% 5.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms, percent, 2002 0.3% 0.9%
Asian-owned firms, percent, 2002 0.8% 4.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander owned firms, percent, 2002 0.0% 0.1%
Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2002 0.6% 6.8%
Women-owned firms, percent, 2002 27.0% 28.2%
 
Manufacturers shipments, 2002 ($1000) 65,042,043 3,916,136,712
Wholesale trade sales, 2002 ($1000) 33,546,948 4,634,755,112
Retail sales, 2002 ($1000) 31,195,012 3,056,421,997
Retail sales per capita, 2002 $10,629 $10,615
Accommodation and foodservices sales, 2002 ($1000) 3,698,955 449,498,718
Building permits, 2006 13,357 1,838,903
Federal spending, 2004 ($1000) 19,217,8991 2,143,781,7272
    Geography Facts
Land area, 2000 (square miles) 55,869.36 3,537,438.44
Persons per square mile, 2000 52.4 79.6



State of Iowa city guides