State of Texas - Demographics
Capital City:
Austin
State FLower:
Bluebonnet
State Bird:
Mockingbird
State #28 Admitted to Union:
December 29, 1845
    People Facts Texas USA
Population, 2010 25,145,561 308,745,538
Population, 2000 20,851,820 281,421,906
Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2006 8.2% 6.8%
Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2006 27.6% 24.6%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2006 9.9% 12.4%
Female persons, percent, 2006 50.2% 50.7%
White persons, percent, 2006 82.7% 80.1%
Black persons, percent, 2006 11.9% 12.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2006 0.7% 1.0%
Asian persons, percent, 2006 3.4% 4.4%
Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2006 1.2% 1.6%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2006 35.7% 14.8%
White persons not Hispanic, percent, 2006 48.3% 66.4%
Living in same house in 1995 and 2000, pct 5 yrs old & over 49.6% 54.1%
Foreign born persons, percent, 2000 13.9% 11.1%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2000 31.2% 17.9%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2000 75.7% 80.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2000 23.2% 24.4%
Persons with a disability, age 5+, 2000 3,605,542 49,746,248
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2000 25.4 25.5
 
Housing units, 2006 9,224,361 126,316,181
Homeownership rate, 2000 63.8% 66.2%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2000 24.2% 26.4%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2000 $82,500 $119,600
 
Households, 2000 7,393,354 105,480,101
Persons per household, 2000 2.74 2.59
Median household income, 2004 $41,645 $44,334
Per capita money income, 1999 $19,617 $21,587
Persons below poverty, percent, 2004 16.2% 12.7%
    Business Facts Texas USA
Private nonfarm establishments, 2005 497,758 7,499,702
Private nonfarm employment, 2005 8,305,102 116,317,003
Private nonfarm employment, percent change 2000-2005 3.5% 2.0%
Nonemployer establishments, 2005 1,686,274 20,392,068
Total number of firms, 2002 1,734,509 22,974,655
Black-owned firms, percent, 2002 5.1% 5.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms, percent, 2002 0.9% 0.9%
Asian-owned firms, percent, 2002 4.5% 4.8%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander owned firms, percent, 2002 0.1% 0.1%
Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2002 18.4% 6.8%
Women-owned firms, percent, 2002 27.0% 28.2%
 
Manufacturers shipments, 2002 ($1000) 310,815,965 3,916,136,712
Wholesale trade sales, 2002 ($1000) 397,405,111 4,634,755,112
Retail sales, 2002 ($1000) 228,694,755 3,056,421,997
Retail sales per capita, 2002 $10,528 $10,615
Accommodation and foodservices sales, 2002 ($1000) 29,914,774 449,498,718
Building permits, 2006 216,642 1,838,903
    Geography Facts
Land area, 2000 (square miles) 261,797.12 3,537,438.44
Persons per square mile, 2000 79.6 79.6