State of Washington Demographics
Capital City:
Olympia
State FLower:
Coast Rhododendron
State Bird:
Willow Goldfinch
State #42 Admitted to Union:
November 11, 1889
    People Facts Washington USA
Population, 2010 6,724,540 308,745,538
Population, 2000 5,894,121 281,421,906
Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2006 6.4% 6.8%
Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2006 23.9% 24.6%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2006 11.5% 12.4%
Female persons, percent, 2006 50.1% 50.7%
White persons, percent, 2006 84.8% 80.1%
Black persons, percent, 2006 3.6% 12.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2006 1.6% 1.0%
Asian persons, percent, 2006 6.6% 4.4%
Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2006 3.0% 1.6%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2006 9.1% 14.8%
White persons not Hispanic, percent, 2006 76.5% 66.4%
Living in same house in 1995 and 2000, pct 5 yrs old & over 48.6% 54.1%
Foreign born persons, percent, 2000 10.4% 11.1%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2000 14.0% 17.9%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2000 87.1% 80.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2000 27.7% 24.4%
Persons with a disability, age 5+, 2000 981,007 49,746,248
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2000 25.5 25.5
 
Housing units, 2006 2,699,333 126,316,181
Homeownership rate, 2000 64.6% 66.2%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2000 25.6% 26.4%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2000 $168,300 $119,600
 
Households, 2000 2,271,398 105,480,101
Persons per household, 2000 2.53 2.59
Median household income, 2004 $48,438 $44,334
Per capita money income, 1999 $22,973 $21,587
Persons below poverty, percent, 2004 11.6% 12.7%
    Business Facts
Private nonfarm establishments, 2005 175,658 7,499,702
Private nonfarm employment, 2005 2,316,296 116,317,003
Private nonfarm employment, percent change 2000-2005 2.2% 2.0%
Nonemployer establishments, 2005 386,895 20,392,068
Total number of firms, 2002 467,290 22,974,655
Black-owned firms, percent, 2002 1.5% 5.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms, percent, 2002 1.2% 0.9%
Asian-owned firms, percent, 2002 5.8% 4.8%
Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2002 2.2% 6.8%
Women-owned firms, percent, 2002 29.4% 28.2%
 
Manufacturers shipments, 2002 ($1000) 79,313,884 3,916,136,712
Wholesale trade sales, 2002 ($1000) 84,634,499 4,634,755,112
Retail sales, 2002 ($1000) 65,262,333 3,056,421,997
Retail sales per capita, 2002 $10,757 $10,615
Accommodation and foodservices sales, 2002 ($1000) 8,642,681 449,498,718
Building permits, 2006 50,033 1,838,903
Federal spending, 2004 ($1000) 44,840,842 2,143,781,727
    Geography Facts
Land area, 2000 (square miles) 66,544.06 3,537,438.44
Persons per square mile, 2000 88.6 79.6